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“Increasing the salinity of water and drought which is one of the effects of climate changes and of course human activities in recent decades, have led to the significant increase of salt and drought in the country"s lakes including Urmia and Maharlou lakes.
According to long-term climates forecasting a drought and dehydration trend is expected to occur at a widespread level in west and south Asia. For this reason, in the future, we may need some kinds of agricultural products that are capable of growing in dehydration and salinity conditions through biotechnology. It is interesting to note that the interaction of some type of microorganisms with some plants make possible causing or increasing the ability of these plants to grow under salinity and dehydration conditions. So they can be used by different biotechnological tools for producing drought and halotolerant agricultural products, Dr. Shahzadeh Fazeli, the head of Iranian Biological Resource Center, said regarding the three new species.”
“Filamentous fungi are a very important group of this kind of microorganisms. Many of them are high-resistant to dehydration and some of them are halotolerant. Interestingly some of filamentous fungi also have selective relationships with a number of halophilic plants and evidence indicate these kinds of fungus contribute to the creation or increasing the ability of plants to tolerate salinity and dehydration, Fazeli added.”
“According to these conditions researches of IBRC
Have conducted comprehensive studies in Iran’s saline ecosystems that the introduction of three new filamentous fungi species is part of these studies" results and they are isolated from Neocamarosporium genus in saline lakes like Urmia, Maharlou and Inceh Bouron lakes and are recently published in prestigous journals. The introduced species include: Neocamarosporium persepolisi, Neocamarosporium solicola, Neocamarosporium jorjanensis which are all isolated from saline lakes and ecologic studies of the center indicates that these fungi species also have a specific relationship with salt-loving plants, "he remarked."
"The results of biodiversity studies carried out in salt lakes as Urmia, Maharlou and Inceh Bouron lakes indicate the importance of these kinds of researches and of course the progress of the center in direction of storing and introducing biological resources of the country."
It should be mentioned that the aforementioned native fungus are preserved in the Microorganism Bank one of the tetra bio collections of the center with the access number: IBRC-M 30134, IBRC-M 30264, IBRC-M 30263, IBRC-M 30177 and IBRC-M 30257.
And they are presentable to all researches, students and scientists.