Mazandaran province is home to many animal and plant species, each of which has its own economic agricultural and environmental importance. Also agricultural products of this vast province, such as rice, tea, etc. are of great importance.
“Given the close relationship between the life and activity of ecosystems and agricultural products with activity of the microbial community and the life, advanced societies by extensive researches in this field, are constantly seeking to increase crops productivity and natural ecosystems sustainability, but this subject underestimated in the country. One of the most attractive roles of microorganisms in this field is their role in growth regulating, seed production, flowering and in general plant physiology and agricultural crops,” Dr. Shahzadeh Fazeli, the head of IBRC, said about this new species of fungus.
“One of the strategic agricultural products of Mazandaran province is rice, due to very close relationship between plant physiology and microbial relationships, microorganisms can be used to increase the quality and quantity of crop production, including rice. In this regard Iranian Biological Resource center’s researchers and Al-Zahra university succeeded to identify a new species of coelomycete among fungi isolated from the rice field’s soil,” he added. “This fungus belongs to the genus Pyrenochaetopsis and according to the molecular phylogeny studies conducted by this center’s researchers, this group of fungi has a selective link with the plants of the Grameen family. This species is named Tabarestan – the ancient name of mazandaran province and its scientific name is Pyrenochaetopsis tabarestanensis.”
“In this center we take action toward introducing and preserving biological resources of the country. Among this, native bio resources are of great importance, for this creatures scientifically and practically have potential capabilities which should be studied comprehensively and practically. In the case of this new species, there may be a clear link between rice plant and fungus which can affect plant physiology. Considering the fact that this group of fungi is very little studied in the country, so it could be a very interesting subject for molecular ecology comprehensive studies, plant – fungal interactions and molecular physiology,” fazeli pointed out.
It is worth mentioning that, specimens of this indigenous species are preserved with the access number IBRC-M30047, IBRC-M30051 and are representable to all researchers and scientists in the Microorganism Bank, one of the tetra biological collections of the center.