Recently the discovery of new microorganisms from hypersaline lakes ‘Urmia’ and ‘Meighan’ promise more discoveries from these important country’s ecosystems.
The “Urmia”lake is at the risk of complete drying and efforts will be continued to save this unique lake.
Genetic and biological resources of these lakes are unrepeatable, so Iranian Biological Resource Center’s “IBRC”researches discovered two new species of fungus from them with the scientific names of ‘Emericellopsis persica’ and ‘Purpureocillium sodanium’ in order to introduce high importance of these attractive ecosystems. It is worth mentioning that the center’s researchers discovered one species of fungus with the name of ‘Neocamarosporium chichastianum’ from ‘Urmia’ lake, for the first time, in 1393, so ‘Emericellopsis persia’ is the second.
”The discovery of these two important fungus species from ‘Urmia’ and ‘Meighan’ lakes emphasizing on ecologic and biologic importance of these regions. These species have lipolytically remarkable potential and they are very interesting subject for wide study of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics,” Dr.Shahzade’ Fazeli, the head of IBRC, said in this regard. Therefore the strains of these local species are reserved at Microorganism bank, one of the forth biological collection of the center, with the access number “Emericellopsis persica IBRC-M 30175 and Purpureocillium sodanum IBRC- M 30046 which are presentable to all researches and scientists.
Fungi have exclusive ability for living in draugh and stress for genetic potential and special metabolism which adopts them to live in harsh environmental conditions. Compatibility with draugh and shortage of water which dominates hypersaline lakes imposes unbearable pressure on the most creatures of this kind of lakes. Therefore the higher salinity, the more life forms will be lost or their diversity reduced.
“Despite these difficult conditions, microbial life is the most common life in them and attempts to introduce biodiversity of these ecosystems will still be continued,” Dr. Shahzade’ Fazeli added.
“The discovered species of these lakes indicate this center’s progress along its defined missions,” he said with emphasis on IBRC’s mission in collection, preservation and exploration of biological samples and in introducing biological resources of the country.