Increasing of world population in coming decades will cause an important challenge for human community about sustainable development for production of sufficient food and to achieve a healthy community. Biological resources are as important as other natural resources like water, soil and weather. Paying attention to enormous diversity of animal, plant and microorganism species and to their application will result in national sustainable development.
Because of the great importance of biological resources in life sciences and according to the endorsement of supreme leader of I.R. Iran, Iranian Biological Resources Center was established on 2008 under the authority of Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR). Main goal of this center is improving of national researches for collection, preservation and studying of biological resources. Accordingly, in addition to supporting of other biological resource centers of the country as well as establishing of national network of biological resources, This center will attempt to be the pioneer center for collection, completion, organization, standardization and preservation of biological resources to achieve the development of life science and technology, enhancement of life quality and hygiene, improvement of food safety and preservation of natural resources and biodiversity.

Attaining a pioneer center for "collection, identification, quality control, classification, registration, preservation, propagation and distribution of types of microorganisms and propagable cells like bacteria, fungi, viruses, types of plant and animal cells and genomic DNA and artificial nucleic acid products" to achieve the development of life science and technology, enhancement of life quality and hygiene, preservation of natural resources and globalization of  researches and collaborations.

1- Identification, preparation, and collection of microorganisms, human and animal cells, plant cells and seeds from native and foreign resources.
2- Preparation of DNA bank from native and foreign resources.
3- Preparation, control and collection of DNA Vectors and their hosts for Biotechnological usage.
4- Supporting of BioBanks in other research centers and universities, Also quality control, identification and preservation of their samples (Backing up) for future uses.
5- Registration of newly identified Microorganisms, plant & animal cells and DNA molecules as an act of Intellectual Property.
6- Developing relevant regulations, guidelines to be authorized by proper references for preservation of native biological resources.
7- Classification and registration of scientific information and data exists in research centers and universities of the country and development of data bank and network for microorganisms, cells, plant species and DNA molecules to provide research centers, universities and     industrial centers.
8- Establishment of scientific collaboration with national and international researchers, research centers and banks to improve the scientific situation of the center nationally, regionally and internationally.